Pivoting your business: How to adjust and evolve the path of your startup.

Saeed Zeinali
5 min readNov 22, 2023

In my years navigating the exciting yet unpredictable path of startup entrepreneurship, I’ve come to recognize the profound impact of one crucial strategy: the business pivot. This concept, often overshadowed by more glamorous aspects of startup culture, has been a cornerstone of many successful ventures I’ve witnessed. Pivoting, or strategically altering your business course, is not merely an option; it’s an essential survival skill in the startup ecosystem. My aim here is to delve into the nuances of this critical strategy, drawing from my own experiences and those of others in the startup world, to underscore its importance, especially for those at the early stages of their startup journey. Let’s explore the intricacies of pivots — why they’re needed, how they’re executed, and the profound impact they can have on a young company’s trajectory.

What is a Pivot?

In my experience, a pivot within a startup’s journey is far from a simple tweak; it represents a fundamental, strategic transformation. Picture a startup as a vessel at sea: a pivot is like adjusting the entire course of the ship, not just tweaking the sails, to better align with the ever-changing currents and winds of the market. This transformation can manifest in various forms — it might mean reimagining your product to better meet customer needs, shifting focus to an entirely different market segment that offers more promise, or even overhauling your business model from the ground up. It’s about maintaining agility and responsiveness to market signals while steadfastly holding onto the essence of your original vision. A successful pivot requires a delicate balance: changing enough to make a significant impact, yet not so much that the company loses its foundational identity. It’s a process of evolution, where the core idea changes and adapts, emerging stronger and more aligned to the realities of the business landscape.

Me as the captain of a boat :)

Precursors for a pivot

Identifying the signs that a business may need to pivot is key for any startup. These signs often manifest as persistent challenges or market feedback that suggests your current strategy isn’t hitting the mark. It could be a steady decline in customer engagement, a noticeable lag in sales, or emerging market trends that render your current offerings less relevant. Sometimes, it’s an internal realization that your business model isn’t as scalable or sustainable as needed. It could also come from external factors, like technological advancements or shifts in consumer behavior, that open up new opportunities or render existing strategies obsolete. Recognizing these signs early can be the difference between staying ahead of the curve or falling behind in a rapidly evolving business landscape.

Prime examples of pivots

Reflecting on the art of the pivot, two monumental examples spring to mind: Netflix and Amazon, both of which redefined their industries through strategic shifts.

Let’s start with Netflix. Originally a DVD rental service by mail, its pivot was sparked by an emerging trend: the rise of digital streaming. Netflix’s leadership, attuned to the shifting media consumption landscape, realized that the future lay in online streaming. This foresight led to their transformation into a streaming giant, a move that not only threw them ahead of traditional rental services but also positioned them as a frontrunner in the entertainment industry. This pivot wasn’t just about changing a service; it was a fundamental shift in their business model, requiring substantial investment in technology and content creation. The result? A complete industry disruption and a new era of how content is consumed globally.

Then there’s Amazon. Starting as an online bookstore, Amazon’s pivot was gradual yet expansive, driven by a vision to become an ‘everything store.’ Recognizing the limitless potential of e-commerce, Amazon steadily expanded its product lines, eventually moving into digital streaming, cloud computing, and AI technology with Amazon Web Services (AWS). This expansion was a calculated move, leveraging their robust distribution network and customer base. Amazon’s pivot into cloud computing with AWS, in particular, was a game-changer. It not only diversified its revenue streams but also established itself as a technology leader. These strategic shifts weren’t mere reactions to market trends; they were visionary moves that redefined Amazon’s identity and scope.

Measuring a pivot’s success

Post-pivot, gauging success goes beyond mere financial metrics. It’s about recalibrating your Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) to mirror your startup’s new direction. This shift in KPIs is a critical step, as it helps to measure whether the pivot is yielding the desired results. Remember, knowing when to judge the success of a pivot is indeed a balancing act. On one side of the scale, you must try to fail fast– if a pivot isn’t working, it’s crucial to recognize this quickly, learn from the experience, and move on. This approach prevents the squandering of time and resources on ineffective strategies. It’s about being swift to acknowledge when a path isn’t leading where you hoped it would and having the agility to change course.

On the other hand, patience plays an equally vital role. Giving your pivot sufficient time to prove its worth is essential. Often, the true impact of a strategic shift doesn’t become apparent immediately. It unfolds over time, revealing insights that can only be gained through observation and persistence. This patience can uncover surprising and valuable lessons, providing deeper insights into your market, your product, and even your organizational capabilities.

In this context, let’s consider the KPIs for a pivot like Netflix’s. In the initial phases post-pivot, they might not have seen an immediate surge in subscriber growth or content engagement. However, by being patient and observant, they would gather vital data on user behavior, preferences, and content performance. This information is vital for refining their offerings and improving user experiences. Simultaneously, they remained ready to pivot again if the indicators showed persistent negative trends.

This duality of quick learning and patient observation is at the heart of successful pivots. It’s about being ready to fail fast but also being wise enough to recognize the seeds of success that sometimes take time to sprout. In the dynamic landscape of startups, this balanced approach to evaluating pivots can be the difference between fleeting existence and enduring success.

Concluding thoughts

In closing, if you’re leading a startup, remember that pivoting is not a sign of defeat but a strategic, courageous step toward finding your product-market fit. It requires a blend of boldness and calculated risk-taking. As you navigate your startup journey, stay open-minded, be patient yet decisive, and embrace the pivot as a crucial tool in your entrepreneurial toolkit. Remember, the most successful businesses are those that adapt and thrive amidst challenges.

To truly grasp what makes a pivot successful, it’s helpful to study past examples. In conclusion, I’ll share some standout cases of successful pivots. These stories are valuable learning tools for any entrepreneur navigating the ever-changing business landscape. Best of luck!

1. Twitter: https://www.businessinsider.com/how-twitter-was-founded-2011-4

2. PayPal: https://www.wired.com/1999/07/paypal-puts-dough-in-your-palm/

3. Pinterest: https://www.fastcompany.com/3001984/pinterest-pivot

4. 14 examples: https://www.forbes.com/sites/jasonnazar/2013/10/08/14-famous-business-pivots/?sh=70472c345797



Saeed Zeinali

Healthcare, Business and Tech enthusiast. Passionate about arts, food, and road-running.